An abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA) is widening of this vessel, especially to a balloon-like shape. This is a potentially life-threatening condition, because it has risk for rupturing (breaking open) and causing a hemorrhage (severe bleeding). Abdominal aorta is located below diaphragm and it ends up before splitting to iliac arteries.
Smoker male patients who are over 65 with hypercholesterolemia, hypertension and positive family history are at risk for AAA. Patients having vascuşitis and some congenital disease like Marfan and Ehlers Danlos type 4 have more commonly AAA.
AAA is often asymptomatic and found accidentally in physical examinations. Others have pulsatile sensation in abdomen and sometimes pain in back and stomach.
Abdominal ultrasound and computed tomography angiography (CTA) are the radiological diagnosisi methods for AAA.
There is no known medication of AAA. Surgery must be applied to patients:
Open surgery: A surgeon makes an incision in your belly to gain access to your abdominal aorta. They interpose the anuerysm with a graft (tube made of a strong, synthetic material.
Endovascular aneurysm repair (EVAR): is a minimally invasive aneurysm repair surgery. Small incisions are made in the groins and inserts an expandable textile graft into aneurysmatic segment of abdominal aorta via femoral arteries. Hospital stay for EVAR patients are less comparing to open surgery.